譯自孔家舊事談﹕孔子的遠祖 及 家族的直系遠祖，孔憲章編撰。 (Proper nouns such as name of a person, titles, name of a book, feudal state, and places will be included as Chinese in order to keep the correct reference. A brief note to explain may be followed immediately. Since I do not have the reference book on standardized Pinyin, I have no choice but to use the phonetic either from the computer or from other sources.)
Chinese would like to declare that we are descendants of chieftains Yan and Wong （炎黃子孫）. We, the descents of Confucius, are truly the descendants of Yan and Wong too. Per the writing in History Archive (《史记》, a book being considered as the most authority history writing in China) Yuen Hiu (玄囂) was the son of Chieftain Wong；Kiu Gik (蟜極) his grandson, Dai Go（帝嚳）his great grandson, Kai (契) his great-great grandson and also the distant ancestor of Sing Tong (成湯) alias Tin Yuet (天乙), the Emperor of the Shang Dynasty (商朝). ( From here on, please referred to names listed above until Suk Liang Yut (叔梁紇), father of Confucius.) From this long listing, it shows that we are not only descendants of an outstanding ‘holy’ person, but also the real great grand children of Emperor Wong, the ancient chieftain.
(Chieftain Yan is San Nong Si , literary known as the Supreme Lord of Herbs/ Agriculture（神農氏）; Chieftain Wong is Hin Yuen Si（軒轅氏）, or as Emperor Wong（黃帝）, the first emperor of China. To the Chinese history, Chieftain Wong was the first emperor; to the Westerners, Chun Chi Wong (秦始皇) was the “First” emperor, due to the wrong interpretation and translation at the beginning. Chun Chi Wong, a ruler about 2500 years after Chieftain Wong, was the first emperor of the Chun Dynasty only (秦朝). Since he declared as the Chi Wong, which also means the starting emperor, therefore, it was taken as the first emperor of China, without thoroughly understanding the Chinese history.
(Legendarily, Emperor Wong was the ruler inherited the position peacefully after Chieftain Yan. However, it was also said that Emperor Wong defeated Yan and replaced him. Since it is an event happened in the pre-historical time, it should be a research study of scholars of that subject. Generally it is believed that Yan was the chieftain of a primitive tribe in Qufu (曲阜), but Wong Dai started the Chinese civilization, such as music, cultivation, transportations vehicles – boats and carriages, the famous compassed chariot, and houses.
The Ancestor of Confucius was originated from a minor royal family. Mei Ji Kai（微子啟），an older brother from a different mother of Emperor Jau of Shang Dynasty (商朝纣王) was the immediate distant ancestor. （Since after the moving of the capital to Hiu (囂) by Emperor Jung Ding ( 仲丁 ), Shang Dynasty (商朝) changed the name of the country to Yan Dynasty (殷朝). Gai ji (箕子), Mei ji and Bei Gon (比干 ), these three brothers were known as the Gracious Three (三仁).） At the beginning of the Jau Dynasty (周朝) also known as the Western Jau (西周), Mei Ji was installed as Duke of Sung (宋國) , a state with the capital in Shang Yau (商丘). Five generations later, Faat Fu Hoh (弗父何 ) renounced his title in favor of his younger brother, Lord Lai , Duke of Sung (宋厲公 ) but retaining the position as a ranking official in the dukedom. ( Per The Dialogue of the Confucius Family （《孔子家語》）, a book written during the Three Kingdoms Period by a scholar called Huang Suk (王肅), who wrote and claimed the book was based upon family notes from one of his students, Kung Meng（孔猛）, the 22nd generation descendant of Confucius. This book is very informative summarizing a lot of important writings by various authors, but the honesty of its origin as ‘the family notes’ was questioned all the time.) Faat Fu Hoh was the ancestor ten generations prior to Confucius. From that time on, Lord Lai branch inherited the power of the lordship of Sung state, and the title was handed down from generation to generation; the Faat Fu Hoh branch became the noble ranking official but keeping the high level of cultural and moral standards. From that time on, our distant ancestors changed from a sovereignty ruler to a noble. The third generation after Faat Fu Hoh was Jing Hau Fu (正考父 ) , a well-educated and humble person. He was familiar with documents of the Shang Dynasty. He prove-read the “ Psalm of the Shang Dynasty” (商之名颂) under the Grand Historian of the Jau Dynasty (周太史氏). Even after being commissioned by the ruler, Jing Hau Fu was still polite and humble, having no conflicts with others. But his son, Kong Fu Ga (孔父嘉 ) was completely different. When he was the Minister of Military, Kong Fu Ga favored wars, declaring military might, with a record of 11 wars by ten years. Complains from the countryman were boiling. His political enemy, the Prime minister, had an eye on his young and pretty wife. Per the notation in the chapter of the second year of Lord Woon in the Book of Joh (《左傳》桓公二年), the Prime Minister met Kong Fu Ga on the way; with an evil look, the Prime minister said, ‘pretty and charming’. Prime Minister Dok (太宰督) using the uprising complains of the country and also for his personal benefit, started a political rebellion and assassinated Kong Fu Ga. Prime Minister Dok married the wife of Kong Fu Ga and exiled his son. The ancestor of Confucius was not only finished his nobility status as a ranking officer but also demoted as a common person. Muk Gam Fu (木金父), son of Kong Fu Ga found refuge in Lo, living in Chui Town (陬邑) of the East Cheung Ping County (東昌平鄉) of Qufu (曲阜). His descendants changed their identifications, and as citizens of Lo. Retaining a phobic of to be killed, they hided for four generations without any traceable record. It was up to the time of Suk Liang Nat (叔梁纥), there were then some records observable in the history.